Type I-A German U-Boat

Actually, this is a misnomer because the first of a U-Boat type did not have the “A” after it. The Type I was merely the Type I, and only two were made because this just was not a very good submarine. The crews did not like their unpredictable handling – they would surface or dive almost on their own. U-25 and U-26 were the only two Type I German U-Boats ever made. The Type I was a twin shaft diesel-electric sea-going submarine with relatively long range and it was based on the GUR that Germany had previously built for the Turkish Navy. The Type I carried fourteen torpedoes.

Displacement: 862/983 tons
Length: 237′ 6″
Beam: 20′ 3″
Draft: 14′ 0″
Power (diesel): 2,800hp
Power (electric): 1,000hp
Speed (diesel): 18 knots
Speed (electric): 8.5 knots

Bunkers: 96 tons diesel fuel
Range (diesel): 6,700 miles @ 12 knots
Range (electric): 78 miles @ 4 knots
Crew: 32 men
Deck gun: single 4 inch
AA guns: single 20mm
Tubes (fwd): four
Tubes (aft): two

History of the German Submarine U-25

      
Under Victor Schütze  Under Heinz Beduhn

Conning tower of U-25 under Victor Schütze

U-25 in pre-war trim

This was one of only two Type I-A boats built; unpopular with their crews due to their bad handling characteristics.

TYPE BUILDER LAUNCHED
I-A AG Weser (Bremen) 14 Feb 1936
COMMISSIONED FELDPOST Nr. SUNK
  6 April 1936 M10950   3 Aug 1940
SUNK BY LOCATION SUNK POSITION SUNK
Mine North of Terschelling 54º 00’N x 05º 00’E

All Hands lost.

 

Commanders of U-25 include:

LAST NAME FIRST NAME FROM TO OTHER BOATS COMMENTS
GODT EBERHARD
Michel   1 Sep1939 U-8 and U-54
Schütze Victor   1 Sep 1939 May 1940 U-14, U-11 and U-103
von Schmidt Werner U-15, U-40 and U-116
Lott Werner U-32 and U-35
von Friedeburg Hans-Georg
Beduhn Heinz   6 May 1940   3 Aug 1940 U-16 and U-23 KIA aboard U-25
EBERHARD GODT Victor Schütze

NOTE – Sharkhunters Member’s names appear in bold capital letters followed by their Membership Number.

 

U-25 saw action during the Spanish Civil War but not much is recorded about that time.

With the outbreak of World War II, U-25 was attached to the 1st U-Bootflottille and later to the 2nd U-Bootflottille.  She operated in the North Atlantic – over October and November of 1939 she operated in the Bay of Biscay; over January and February of 1940 she patrolled off the Spanish and Portuguese coasts; then off Norway in April 1940.

U-25 took on fuel from the tanker THALIA in Cadiz, Spain then began operations west of Gibraltar in February 1940.

SHIPS SUNK BY U-25 (Schütze commanding):

DATE NAME NATION TYPE GRT
31 Oct 1939 BEOULE France Freighter 5,874 tons
17 Jan 1940 POIZELLA England Freighter 4,751 tons
17 Jan 1940 ENID Norway Freighter 1,140 tons
18 Jan 1940 PAJALA (photo below) Sweden Freighter 6,873 tons
22 Jan 1940 SONGA Norway Freighter 2,589 tons
  3 Feb 1940 ARMINISTAN England Freighter 6,805 tons
13 Feb 1940 CHASTINE MAERSK Denmark Tanker 5,177 tons

On 11 April 1940, Schütze claimed he damaged two Royal Navy destroyers – no confirmation.

SHIPS SUNK BY U-25 (Beduhn commanding):

DATE NAME NATION TYPE GRT
13 June 1940 SCOTSTOUN
ANTONIS
England Armed merchant
cruiser
17,046 tons
19 June 1940 unknown  * England Tanker 8,000 tons

*  U-25 fired at this tanker, surfaced and watched the torpedo hit and detonate. The ship following the tanker rammed U-25 which took Beduhn’s attention away from the tanker but he saw the tanker stopped dead in the water. When he was able to look again for this target nearly an hour later it was gone, so he assumed a sinking. No confirmation.

On 21 June 1940, U-25 damaged the 10,000 ton French tanker ARAGAS.

The 16 October 1939 issue of LIFE Magazine featured a cover photo of U-25 taken through an open porthole of a ship that U-25 stopped.  With the U-Boat alongside, the ship’s papers were checked and after finding no contraband, she was allowed to proceed unharmed.

Men lost on U-25

LAST NAME FIRST NAME RANK LAST NAME FIRST NAME RANK
Ahlers Günter Strm Mt Albrecht Edmund Mtr Gfr
Arendt Alfred Mtr Gfr Bartel Johannes Ktr Gfr
Bauer Heinrich Funk Ob Gfr Beduhn Heinz Korvettenkapitän
Behlau Fritz Masch Mt Bielig Karl Mtr Gfr
Braun Heinz Funk Gfr Brodowolf Eduard Masch Gfr
Damaschke Rudi Mtr Gfr Deckinger Helmut Masch Ob Gfr
Diener Otto Masch Ob Gfr Eisenecker Jakob Masch Mt
Elmenhorst Hinrich Oblt zS Fedde Franz Obersteuermann
Feutner Michael Masch Mt Friedrich Georg Mtr Gfr
Fritsche Heinrich Kplt ING Gerber Adam Masch Gfr
Gruber Ernst Mtr Ob Gfr Jürgens Ernst Ob Masch
Kessler Theodor Funk maat Köhler Walter Masch Gfr
Kohlenberg Alfred Masch Ob Gfr Kramer Walter Masch Ob Mt
Lützler Wilhelm Bootsmannsmaat Mangermanns Alfred Mech Gfr
Metzenauer Adolf Masch Gfr Meyer Hans Georg Mtr Gfr
Müller Wolfgang Bootsmannsmaat Noll Johann Mech Gfr
Norwig Werner Mech Mt Nothhelfer Mathias Ober Btsmn
Pinkwart Albert Ober Masch Redlich Walter Masch Gfr
Röhlecke Kurt Ober Masch Mt Schäffer Valentin Masch HGfr
Schmid Maximillian Masch Mt Schulz Werner Mtr Gfr
Seidel Kurt Mtr Gfr Seip Wilhelm Masch Ob Gfr
Spätler Werner Lt zS Spiwoks Wilhelm Funk Maat
Splettstößer Hans Ober Masch Mt Staffel Matthias Masch Mt
Thiede Werner Mech Gfr Wasmuth Heinrich Bootsmann
Weber Helmut Masch Gfr Wiebusch Friederich Masch Gfr
History of the German Submarine U-26

          
U-26 Conning Tower Emblems  Under Ewerth


The caption on the back of this photo is hand written:
“To my friend Harry Cooper; Sharkhunters visit Kiel 18.09.1992”
It is signed by ERNST GÖTHLING (1225-1989)

This was one of only two Type I-A boats built; unpopular with their crews due to their bad handling characteristics.

TYPE BUILDER LAUNCHED
I-A AG Weser (Bremen) 14 Mar 1936
COMMISSIONED FELDPOST Nr. SUNK
11 May 1936 M07314   3 July 1940
SUNK BY LOCATION SUNK POSITION SUNK
HMS GLADIOLUS and A/C from 10 Squadron (RAF) SW of Bishop’s Rocks 48º 03’N x 11º 30’E

7 Men lost  (list below)

 

Commanders of U-26 include:

LAST NAME FIRST NAME FROM TO OTHER BOATS COMMENTS
Hartmann Werner 11 May 1936 Nov 1938 U-37 and U-198
Schomburg Oskar Nov 1938 Aug 1939
Ewerth Klaus Aug 1939 Jan 1940 U-1, U-35, U-36 and U-850 KIA aboard U-850
Scheringer Heinz   3 Jan 1940 26 Apr 1940 U-10 and U-13
Fischer Heinz 26 Apr 1940   5 Jun 1940
Scheringer Heinz   5 Jun 1940   3 July 1940 POW aboard U-26

ERNST GÖTHLING
(1225-1989)
 during
U-Boat training  He later rose to the rank of Kapitänleutnant in the Bundsmarine

Werner Hartmann Klaus Ewerth Maschinengefreiter

NOTE – Sharkhunters Member’s names appear in bold capital letters followed by their Membership Number.


U-26
 was attached to the 2nd U-Bootflottille and operated in the English Channel during September 1939 and laid mines off Portland, England over 8-10 September 1939.  She successfully broke through the Straits of Gibraltar on 8 November 1939 then she broke out of the Mediterranean through Gibraltar on 18 November 1939.  She was to lay mines at Gibraltar but that plan was aborted.  U-26 then patrolled one time in the North Atlantic and had two patrols off the Norwegian coast and one more in the North Atlantic where she was sunk.

 

SHIPS SUNK BY U-26 (Ewerth commanding)

DATE NAME NATION TYPE GRT
15 Sep 1939 ALEX von OPSTAL  * Belgium Freighter 5,965 tons
  7 Oct 1939 BINNENDIJK  * Netherlands Freighter 6,873 tons
?? Nov 1939 unknown   ** unknown unknown unknown
22 Nov 1939 ELENA R Greece Freighter 4,576 tons
20 Sep 1939 HMS KITTIWAKE  * England Corvette    530 tons
(damaged, not sunk)

*  Ran onto mines in the field laid by U-26 on 8 September 1939.
** It is recorded in logbooks at BdU (U-Boat HQ) that U-26 sank a ship as she was transiting Gibraltar but it does not appear accurate.

Wreck of ELENA R HMS KITTIWAKE

 

SHIPS SUNK BY U-26 (Scheringer commanding):

DATE NAME NATION TYPE GRT
12 Feb 1940 NIDARHOLM Norway Freighter 3,482 tons
14 Feb 1940 LANGLEEFORD England Freighter 4,622 tons
15 Feb 1940 STEINSTAD Norway Freighter 2,476 Tons
21 Apr 1940 CEDARBANK England Freighter 5,159 Tons
30 Jun 1940 FANGOULA
GOULANDRIS
Greece Freighter 6,701 Tons

U-26 fired at an unknown ship of unknown type of unknown tonnage and claimed damage.  No confirmation.

On 3 Feb 1940, U-26 damaged the 4,871 ton British freighter ZARIAN.

Men lost on U-26

LAST NAME FIRST NAME RANK
Ackermann Hermann Masch Ob Gfr
Böhme Wilhelm Masch Ob Gfr
Bopp Rudolf Mtr Gfr
Heymann Heinz Mtr Gfr
Marschall Conrad Mech Gfr
Nordhausen Günter Mtr Ob Gfr
Redieck Kurt Mtr Ob Gfr

Acknowledgements

Deepest thanks to our friends at the U-Bootskameradschaft Kiel for allowing us to bring their sacred book containing the names of all 28,863 U-Bootfahrer who were lost in action during World War II here to the USA where we carefully copied all the names of the fallen and list them here on our site.  Ours is the only website in the world that lists all these names.

Many thanks to our good friend and Sharkhunters Member since 1987 GEORG HÖGEL (240-LIFE-1987)for all the conning tower emblems used in our monthly KTB Magazine and also here on the pages of our website. GEORG was Funkmaat (radioman) aboard U-30, the first boat into combat, the first to sink a ship (the liner ATHENIA) and the first into an occupied French port.  When that Skipper (Lemp) took command of U-110, GEORG was one of the former crew to transfer to the new boat under Lemp.  After the war, he was Professor of Art at a major German university.

GEORG HÖGEL