Type II-A German U-Boat

Remember, this is a misnomer because the first of a U-Boat type did not have the “A” after it. The Type II was merely the Type II, and they were used mainly as training submarines because of their very short range.  This was the first of the ‘dugout canoes‘ as their crews called them. This Type was based on the German UB II boats of World War One and the Finnish VESIKKO. Only six were built, U-1 through U-6. The Type II-A was a twin shaft diesel-electric submarine of rather short range. The Type II-A carried six torpedoes or eight mines.

Displacement: 254/303 tons
Power (diesel): 700hp
Bunkers: 12 tons diesel fuel
Deck gun: None
Length: 134′ 3″
Power (electric): 360hp
Range (diesel): 1,050 miles @ 12 knots
AA guns: single 20mm  *
Beam: 13′ 6″
Speed (diesel): 13 knots
Range (electric): 35 miles @ 4 knots
Tubes (fwd): three
Draft: 12′ 6″
Speed (electric): 7 knots
Crew: 25 men
Tubes (aft): None
*NOTE – AA armament was increased to twin 20mm when operationally deployed

History of the German Submarine U-1

Much of this information, the data, the photos etc. comes directly from the veterans, the veterans’ organizations and is the most accurate available anywhere …much of this information is not even known elsewhere.

TYPE BUILDER LAUNCHED
II-A Deutsche Werft (Kiel) 15 June 1935
COMMISSIONED FELDPOST Nr. SUNK
29 July 1935 M27893 16 April 1940
SUNK BY LOCATION SUNK POSITION SUNK
   * * See below SW of Stavanger 58º 18’N x 05º 47’E

All hands lost – 27 men (see below for the names)

U-1 was commanded by Kapitänleutnant Klaus Ewarth (Class 1925) from 29 June 1935. Ewarth also commanded U-35, U-36, U-26 and U-850 where he was killed in action. The last Skipper of U-1 was Kapitänleutnant Jürgen Deecke.

Other Skippers of U-1 include:
Korvettenkapitän Hans-Günther Loof who also commanded U-122 where he was KIA;
Kapitänleutnant Alexandar Gelharr who also commanded U-45 where he was KIA.

We have no record of which U-Bootflottille U-1 was assigned to.

How U-1 was lost remains a mystery today. According to one source, U-1 was sunk by the Royal Navy submarine HMS PORPOISE. The official British History of Submarine Operations states that the attack by HMS PORPOISE was considered a failure. After the war, further research determined that HMS PORPOISE did sink U-1, but then more recent research (in the 1980’s) shows that HMS PORPOISE actually attacked U-3 and not U-1. According to another source, U-1 was the victim of an un-named French submarine and yet another source attributes her loss to striking a mine.

U-1 successfully completed one Feindfahrt (War Patrol) in the North Sea.  She was on her second Feindfahrt, this during the Norway invasion, when she was lost with all hands.

During her short time in the war, U-1 made no attacks and sank no ships.

Men Lost on U-1

LAST NAME FIRST NAME RANK LAST NAME FIRST NAME RANK
Bauer Fritz Mtr Ob gfr Baumann Ernst Ob Mech Mt
Bayer Günther Masch Mt Berger Kurt Ob Funk Mt
Carmon Walter Ob Masch Chall Helmut Mtr Ob Gfr
Deecke Jürgen Kapitänleutnant Flier Wilhelm Ob Masch Mt
Franke Rolf Funk Gfr Goll Hans Masch Mt
Hollatz Wilhelm Masch Mt Keese Hans Oblt zS
Keitel Heinrich Masch Ob Gfr Köhler August Bootsmann Mt
Laeu Helmut Mtr Ob Gfr Lippold Heinz Mtr Ob Gfr
Meyer Alfred Oblt ING Otto Heinz St Ob Strm
Pallin Johannes Masch Ob Gfr Schollerer Ottmar Funk Hpt Gfr
Schultze Kurt Masch Gfr Schwarz Karl Mech Ob Gfr
Weber Paul Bootsmann Mt Wolter Paul Mtr Ob Gfr
Zunser Otto Matrosen Zunzer Otto Bernhard Masch Mt
Grovermann Heinrich Masch Mt

Deepest thanks to our friends at the U-Bootskameradschaft Kiel for allowing us to bring their sacred book containing the names of all 28,863 U-Bootfahrer who were lost in action during World War II here to the USA where we carefully copied all the names of the fallen and list them here on our site. Ours is the only website in the world that lists all these names.

History of the German Submarine U-2

The conning tower emblems worn by U-2
                 
As a Frontboot        Emblem of the Schulflottille

TYPE BUILDER LAUNCHED
II-A Deutsche Werft (Kiel) 1 July 1935
COMMISSIONED FELDPOST Nr. SUNK
25 July 1935 M27610 8 April 1944
SUNK BY LOCATION SUNK POSITION SUNK
H. FROSE  (Minesweeper) West of Pillau unknown (salved)

16 men lost – 18 rescued
(see below for names)

The first Skipper of U-2 was Konteradmiral (Rear Admiral, 2 stars) Michahelles from Indienststellung on 25 July.  He also served aboard U-35 and U-36. The only combat Skipper was Kapitänleutnant Helmut Rosenbaum (below right) who also commanded U-73 and with that boat, he sank the 23,6000 ton Royal Navy aircraft carrier HMS EAGLE seen below left.

  

After two Feindfahrten (War Patrols) in the North Atlantic under Rosenbaum from 4 April through 15 April 1940 (the Norway Action), U-2 was transferred to the 21st U-Bootflottille based at Pillau as a schulboot (school boat).

When a schulboot, U-2 was assigned to 21. U-Bootflottille based at Pillau.

Other Skippers who trained aboard U-2 include:
Fregettenkapitän HEINRICH LIEBE (1670-+-1990) who also commanded U-38;
Korvettenkapitän HERBERT SCHULTZE (191-+-1986) who also commanded U-48;
Oberleutnant zur See Helmut Herglotz who also commanded U-290 and U-1303;
Kapitänleutnant Hans Heidtmann who also commanded U-14, U-21 and U-559 where he was captured;
Kapitänleutnant Werner Schwaff who also commanded U-333 and U-440 where he was KIA;
Kapitänleutnant Karl Kolzer who also commanded U-1221;
Korvettenkapitän Georg von Willamowitz-Möllendorf who also commanded U-459 where he was KIA;
Oberleutnant zur See Schwartzkopf who also commanded U-21 and U-704.

NOTE – Sharkhunters Member’s names appear in bold capital letters followed by their Membership Number

     
LIEBE                                                                SCHULTZE

U-2 was lost in accidental collision with the German minesweeper FROSE, raised and decommissioned.
U-2 successfully completed two Feindfahrten (War Patrols) in the North Sea then transferred to the 21. U-Bootflottille.
During her short time in the war, U-2 made no attacks and sank no ships.

LAST NAME FIRST NAME RANK LAST NAME FIRST NAME RANK
Alberg Horst Masch Mt Albrecht Georg Funk Gfr
Apenroth Lothar Masch Mt Bäsler Siegfried Oberfähnrich
Baghorn Gerhard Oberfähnrich Bauer Heinrich Oberfähnrich
Beinhauer Paul Lt z S Derr Berthold Mtr Gfr
Geschke Waldemar Ltg ING Goldammer Manfred Masch Gfr
Herfurth Herbert Masch Gfr Hungeling Gerhard Bootsmann Mt
Icke Heinz Mtr Gfr Ksiesyk Richard Masch Mt
Meth Franz Ob Masch Schmidt Dr. Joachim Oblt z S

Deepest thanks to our friends at the U-Bootskameradschaft Kiel for allowing us to bring their sacred book containing the names of all 28,863 U-Bootfahrer who were lost in action during World War II here to the USA where we carefully copied all the names of the fallen and list them here on our site. Ours is the only website in the world that lists all these names.

History of the German Submarine U-3

The conning tower emblems worn by U-3
    

TYPE BUILDER LAUNCHED
II-A Deutsche Werft (Kiel) 19 July 1935
COMMISSIONED FELDPOST Nr. SUNK
6 August 1935 M01385 Not sunk
SUNK BY LOCATION SUNK POSITION SUNK
Not sunk Not sunk Not sunk

No men lost

U-3 was commanded by Fregettenkapitän Hans Meckel who went on to command U-19.  The next Skipper was Korvettenkapitän OTTO von BÜLOW (305-+-1987) who went on to command U-404 seen below with his Obersteuermann lighting up their cigars on the bridge of U-404 after a successful Feindfahrt.

Other Skippers who trained aboard U-2 include:
Korvettenkapitän Ernst-Günther Heinicke who also commanded U-51, U-53 and U-2561;
Kapitänleutnant Joachim Zander who also commanded U-311 where he was KIA;
Kapitänleutnant Joachim Schepke who also commanded U-100 where he was KIA;
Kapitänleutnant Gerhard Schreiber who also commanded U-95;
Kapitänleutnant Hans Trojer who also commanded U-221 where he was KIA;
Oberleutnant zur See E. Hartmann;
Oberleutnant zur See Herbert Zoller who also commanded U-315;
Oberleutnant zur See Neumeister who also commanded U-291.

NOTE – Sharkhunters Member’s names appear in bold capital letters followed by their Membership Number..

     
Schepke                                                             Trojer

In June 1940, U-3 was transferred from combat duty with the 1st U-Bootflottile, then based at Kiel, to the 21st U-Bootflottille where she became a schulboot (school boat). U-3 was decommissioned on 1 August 1944 at Neustadt and was apparently used for cannibalization of parts for other boats. She was surrendered in May 1945 and broken up by the Allies after the war.

During combat operations in the North Sea, U-3 sank the freighter VENDIA and picked up six survivors.  On 16 April 1940 there was an engagement with an unknown British submarine with no damage to either and it is believed that it was HMS PORPOISE.

SHIPS SUNK BY U-3 (Schepke commanding)

DATE NAME NATION TYPE GRT
30 September 1939 VENDIA Denmark Freighter 1,150 tons
30 September 1939 GUN Sweden Freighter 1,198 tons
History of the German Submarine U-4
TYPE BUILDER LAUNCHED
II-A Deutsche Werft (Kiel) 31 July 1935
COMMISSIONED FELDPOST Nr. SUNK
17 August 1935 M13167 Not sunk
SUNK BY LOCATION SUNK POSITION SUNK
Not sunk Not sunk Not sunk

No men lost

The first Skipper of U-4 was Korvettenkapitän Hannes Weingärtner who also commanded U-10, U-16 and U-851 where he was KIA.  However, the first combat Skipper was Oberleutnant zur See Harro von Klot-Heydenfeldt who later commanded U-20 in the Black Sea Fleet (the 30th U-Bootflottille).

On 11 March 1940 command passed to Oberleutnant zur See Hans-Peter Hinsch who also commanded U-140 and U-569.

Other Skippers who trained aboard U-2 include:
Kapitänleutnant Bernbeck who also commanded U-10, U-16 and U-851 where he was KIA;
Oberleutnant zur See H. Reiger who also commanded U-1205;
Kapitänleutnant Hans-Jürgen Zetsche who also commanded U-20, U-560 and U-591;
Kapitänleutnant Sander who also commanded U-72;
Kapitänleutnant Hans-Wilhelm von Dresky who also commanded U-33 where he was KIA;
Oberleutnant zur See Friederich Wilhelm Marienfeld who also commanded U-1228;
Oberleutnant zur See Wolfgang Leimkuhler who also commanded U-225 where he was KIA;
Oberleutnant zur See Duppe who also commanded U-2505;
Oberleutnant zur See E. Reiger who also commanded U-416 where he was KIA.

NOTE – Sharkhunters Member’s names appear in bold capital letters.

U-4 operated off the Norwegian coast 4 September through 14 September 1939; and again from 19 September through 29 September 1939.  Her last combat patrol covered 11 March through 14 April 1940 before she was transferred from combat duty to a training flotilla where she became a schulboot (school boat).

U-4 was decommissioned on 1 August 1944 and surrendered to the Allies in May of 1945.  She was broken up by the Allies after the war.

SHIPS SUNK BY U-4 (von Klot-Heydenfeldt commanding)

DATE NAME NATION TYPE GRT
22 September 1939 MARTI  RAGNAR Finland Freighter 2,262 tons
23 September 1939 WALMA Finland Freighter 1,361 tons
24 September 1939 GERTRUD  BRATT Sweden Freighter 1,510 tons

SHIPS SUNK BY U-4 (Hinsch commanding)

DATE NAME NATION TYPE GRT
10 April 1940 HMS  THISTLE England Submarine 1,090 tons


                                 HMS THISTLE (N 24)

History of the German Submarine U-5
TYPE BUILDER LAUNCHED
II-A Deutsche Werft (Kiel) 14 August 1935
COMMISSIONED FELDPOST Nr SUNK
31 August 1935 M28527 19 March 1943
SUNK BY LOCATION SUNK POSITION SUNK
Diving accident West of Pillau 54º 25’N x 19º 50’E

 

21 men lost (see list below)

Commanders of U-5 include:

LAST NAME FIRST NAME RANK FROM TO OTHER BOATS COMMENTS
Dau Rolf KK 31 Aug 1935
Friederich Karl Oblt z.S. U-74 KIA aboard U-74
Pressel Karl Kplt U-60 and U-951
KIA aboard U-951
Mohs Hans-Dieter Kplt >U-60 and U-956
Glattes Gerhard KK U-39 POW from U-39
Kutschmann Kplt U-54 KIA aboard U-54
LEHMANN-WILLENBROCK HEINRICH Kplt 9 March 1940 U-96 and U-256
Bothe Friederich-Wilhelm Kplt U-101 and U-447 KIA aboard U-447
Rahn Hermann Oblt z.S. KIA aboard U-5

 


HEINRICH LEHMANN-WILLENBROCK (120-+-1985)

 

NOTE – Sharkhunters Member’s names appear in bold capital letters followed by their Membership Number

U-5 operated in the Kategat and in the North Sea. On 11 April 1940, U-5 engaged a British submarine with no apparent outcome. She was transferred to the 21st U-Bootflottille as a schulboot (school boat).

During her time in combat, U-5 made no attacks and sank no ships.

 

Men lost on U-5

LAST NAME FIRST NAME RANK LAST NAME FIRST NAME RANK
Bremer Hans Mech Mt Bunte Kurt Masch Ogfr
Dietlen Hans-Ulrich Lt ING Fellersmann Heinrich Lt ING
Fröhlich Hans Masch Ogfr Koebele Alfred Bootsmann
Kreikenbaum Werner Masch Mt Leohardt Karl Heinz Matrosen
Melcher Martin Masch Gfr Müller Kurt Mtr Ogfr
Pantel Kurt Mtr Gfr Rahn Hermann Lt z.S.
Rehkate Friederich Wilhelm Oberfähnrich Schaar Gustav Fähnrich
Schneider Erwin Mtr Gfr Schorer Helmut Ober Masch
Seib Karl Strm Mt Stieler Gerhard Masch Mt
Ude Hermann Oberfähnrich Ulrich Bruno Funkmaat
Walter Adolf Obersteuermann

The boat was lost to a diving accident in the Bay of Danzig.  From the relatively high number of Fähnrich and Oberfähnrich aboard, it appears that this was an officer training class for Fähnrich (midshipmen) who would eventually move up to be officers.

Deepest thanks to our friends at the U-Bootskameradschaft Kiel for allowing us to bring their sacred book containing the names of all 28,863 U-Bootfahrer who were lost in action during World War II here to the USA where we carefully copied all the names of the fallen and list them here on our site.  Ours is the only website in the world that lists all these names.

History of the German Submarine U-6
TYPE BUILDER LAUNCHED
II-A Deutsche Werft (Kiel) 21 August 1935
COMMISSIONED FELDPOST Nr. SUNK
7 September 1935 M00130 Not sunk
SUNK BY LOCATION SUNK POSITION SUNK
Not sunk Not sunk Not sunk

No men lost

Commanders of U-6 include:

LAST NAME FIRST NAME RANK FROM TO OTHER BOATS COMMENTS
Mathes Ludwig KK U-9 and U-44
KIA aboard U-44
Matz Joachim Oblt zS 4 April 1940 U-59 and U-70
Schnee Adalbert Oblt zS 4 April 1940 U-60, U-201 and U-2511
LEIBE HEINRICH KK training U-38 and U-332
Michalowski Hans Bernhard KK training U-62
Bobst Eberhard KK training U-597 KIA aboard U-597
Heidel Werner Kplt training U-7 and U-55 KIA aboard U-55
Brüninghaus Kplt training U-148 and U-1059
Niethmann Oblt zS training U-476 and U-3507
JUST PAUL Kplt training U-151 and U-546
Harms Otto Kplt training U-56, U-121 and U-464
Peters Georg KK training U-8, U-11 and U-38
König A. Oblt zS training
Heitz Horst Oblt zS training U-792 and U-1407
Jestel

   
Schnee             LIEBE (1670-+-1990)               PAUL JUST (206-+-1986)

 

NOTE – Sharkhunters Member’s names appear in bold capital letters followed by their Membership Number.

  
Crew of U-6                                                                     U-6 Crew and Instructors

The first Skipper of U-6 was KK Ludwig Mathes but the first combat commander was Joachim Matz.  U-6 was attached to the 1st U-Bootflottille which was then based in Kiel.  She initially patrolled in the Kattegat and off Southern Norway while under command of Matz and probably patrolled the same areas under Schnee.

U-6 was transferred to the 21st U-Bootflottille as a schulboot (school boat) then decommissioned 7 August 1944 and probably cannibalized and her parts used to keep other boats operating.  What was left of her was surrendered to the Allies at the end of the war and broken up for scrap.

  

During her time in combat, U-6 made no attacks and sank no ships.

Acknowledgements

Deepest thanks to our friends at the U-Bootskameradschaft Kiel for allowing us to bring their sacred book containing the names of all 28,863 U-Bootfahrer who were lost in action during World War II here to the USA where we carefully copied all the names of the fallen and list them here on our site.  Ours is the only website in the world that lists all these names.

Many thanks to our good friend and Sharkhunters Member since 1987 GEORG HÖGEL (240-LIFE-1987)for all the conning tower emblems used in our monthly KTB Magazine and also here on the pages of our website. GEORG was Funkmaat (radioman) aboard U-30, the first boat into combat, the first to sink a ship (the liner ATHENIA) and the first into an occupied French port.  When that Skipper (Lemp) took command of U-110, GEORG was one of the former crew to transfer to the new boat under Lemp.  After the war, he was Professor of Art at a major German university.

GEORG HÖGEL