Type II-B German U-Boat

The Type II-B was a slightly improved version of the original ‘dugout canoe’ primarily with increased bunkers and radius.  Only a handful were built; U-7 through U-24 plus U-120 and U-121.  They were used mainly for training.  The Type II-B carried six torpedoes or eight mines.

    
Displacement:    279/329 tons Length:                  140′ 0″ Beam:                    13′ 6″ Draft: 12′ 9″
Power (diesel):       700hp Power (electric):     360hp Speed (diesel):     13 knots Speed (electric):  7 knots
Bunkers:   21 tons diesel fuel Range (diesel):  1,300 miles @ 12 knots Range (electric):   43 miles @ 4 knots Crew:   25 men
Deck gun:   None AA guns:    single 20mm  * Tubes (fwd):  three Tubes (aft):   None

           *  NOTE – AA armament was increased to four (2 x 2) 20mm when operationally deployed.

U-120 andU-121 were being built for the Royal Yugoslavian Navy when war broke out, acquired by the Kriegsmarine. Their conning towers were different that the other Type II-B boats; more similar to those on the Type II-D boats.

History of the German Submarine U-7
TYPE BUILDER LAUNCHED
II-B Germania Werft (Kiel) 29 June 1935
COMMISSIONED FELDPOST Nr. SUNK
18 July 1935 M16723 18 February 1944
SUNK BY LOCATION SUNK POSITION SUNK
Diving accident West of Pillau 54º 25’N x 19º 50’E

All hands lost (See below for names)

Commanders of U-7 include:

LAST NAME FIRST NAME RANK FROM TO OTHER BOATS COMMENTS
Freiwald Kurt Kplt U-33 and U-181
Heidel Walter Kplt 13 Jan 1940 U-55 KIA aboard U-55
Schrott Kplt 13 Jan 1940 U-551 KIA aboard U-551
Otto Salman KK Training U-52
Reeder Günther Kplt Training U-214
Schmidt Heinrich KK Training U-663 KIA aboard U-663
Schrenk Hans Kplt Training U-901
Brüller Ernst-Ulrich Kplt Training U-23 and U-407
Kuhlmann Hans-Günther Oblt zS Trainging U-580and U-166
KIA aboard U-166
KOITSCHKA SIEGFRIED Kplt Training U-616 POW from U-616
Loschke Günther Oblt zS Training KIA aboard U-7

SIEGFRIED KOITSCHKA (225-+-1986)

 

NOTE – Sharkhunters Member’s names appear in bold capital letters followed by their Membership Number

The first Skipper of U-7 was Kapitänleutnant Kurt Freiwald but the first combat commander was Kapitänleutnant Walter Heidel who later commanded U-55 where he was killed in action. 13 January 1940, command passed to Kapitänleutnant Schrott who later commanded U-551 where he was killed in action.

U-7 was attached to the 1st U-Bootflottille which was then based in Kiel. She made Feindfahrten (war patrols) over 24 August through 8 September and also 18 September through 3 October of 1939; then 13 through 28 January 1940 and other patrols covering 3 March to 18 May of 1940. During one of these latter Feindfahrten, the crew of U-7 occupied a Norwegian lighthouse on Marsten Island.

 

SHIPS SUNK BY U-7 (Heidel commanding)

DATE NAME NATION TYPE GRT
22 Sept. 1939 ARENSIDE England Freighter 2,694 tons
28 Sept. 1939 SOLAS Norway Freighter 1,368 tons
29 Sep. 1939 TAKSTAAS Norway Freighter 1,830 tons

U-7 was transferred to the 21st U-Bootflottille as a schulboot (school boat) and the Commanders who trained aboard her are listed above.

 

Men lost on U-7

LAST NAME FIRST NAME RANK LAST NAME FIRST NAME RANK
van Ackern Heinrich Masch GFR Bernert Günter Masch Mt
Biechely Johann Boootsmann von Borstel Wilfried Masch Mt
Dreschler Robert Fähnrich ING Dziallas Kurt Masch Gfr
Engel Friederich Masch Mt Friedberg Dieter Lt zS
Friederich Walter Oberstuermann Grenzer Helmut Mech Ogfr
Horn Günter Masch Gfr Jarczok Herbert Bootsmns Mt
Knauss Wilhelm Mtr Grf Knoche Klaus Peter Lt ING
Knöller Werner Fähnrich Leykauf Hermann Funk Gfr
Löschke Günther Oblt zS Matzat Bruno Ob Masch
Rekus Karl Masch Mt Rohm Herbert Fähnrich ING
Schulz Heinz Bootsmns Mt Seifried Hermann Obersteuermann
Vollmer Walter OberFähnrich Weinhöbel Harald Fähnrich
Wesnigk Werner Masch Mt

Deepest thanks to our friends at the U-Bootskameradschaft Kiel for allowing us to bring their sacred book containing the names of all 28,863 U-Bootfahrer who were lost in action during World War II here to the USA where we carefully copied all the names of the fallen and list them here on our site.  Ours is the only website in the world that lists all these names.

History of the German Submarine U-8

Much of this information, the data, the photos etc. comes directly from the veterans, the veterans’ organizations and is the most accurate available anywhere …much of this information is not even known elsewhere.

TYPE BUILDER LAUNCHED
II-B Germania Werft (Kiel) 16 July 1935
COMMISSIONED FELDPOST Nr. SUNK
5 August 1935 M06994 2 May 1945
SUNK BY LOCATION SUNK POSITION SUNK
Scuttled by her crew Wilhelmshaven Harbor

No men lost

 

Commanders of U-8 include:

LAST NAME FIRST NAME RANK FROM TO OTHER BOATS COMMENTS
Grosse Harald Kplt U-22, U-34 and U-53 KIA aboard U-53
Kentrat Eitel-Friederich Kplt U-74 and U-196
Michel Kplt Dec 1939 May 1940
Kell Walter Oblt zS 9 July 1940 18 Dec 1940
Heinsöhn Heinrich Oblt zS 18 Dec 1940 29 April 1941 U-573 and U-438 KIA aboard U-438
Borcherdt Ulrich Kplt 29 April 1941 22 May 1941
Steinhaus Oblt zS U-802
LEHMANN-
WILLENBROCK
HEINRICH Kplt Training U-96 and U-256
Stiebler Wolf KK Training U-17, U-21, U-61 and U-461 POW aboard U-461
Deckert Horst Kplt Training U-73
Werner Alfred Oblt zS Training >U-921 KIA aboard U-921
Kell Walter Kplt Training U-204 KIA aboard U-204
Peters Georg KK Training U-11, U-6 and U-38
Iversen Oblt zS Training U-1103
Hoffmann Rudolf Kplt Training U-845
Krieghammer Jürgen Oblt zS Training ,b>U-150

  
Kentrat                                                     LEHMANN-WILLENBROCK (120-+-1985)

NOTE -Sharkhunters Member’s names appear in bold capital letters followed by their Membership Number.

The first Skipper of U-8 was Kapitänleutnant Harald Grosse but the first combat commander was Kapitänleutnant Eitel-Friederich Kentrat and other Skippers as shown above.

U-8 was initially attached to the Schuflottille U-Abwehrschul but with the outbreak of World War II, she was transferred to the 1st U-Bootflottille which was then based in Kiel.  She made only one Feindfahrt (war patrol) in the North Atlantic and this patrol was cut short due to the severe wounding of Kplt. Kentrat. U-8 hastily returned to port and in December 1940 she was attached to the 24th U-Bootflottille as a schulboot then transferred to the 22nd U-Bootflottile also as a schulboot.

At the end of the war, the crew scuttled U-8 under the unofficial Operation RAINBOW but sometime between 1947 and 1953, U-8 was raised and broken up for scrap.

During her life, U-8 made no attacks and sank no ships.

Deepest thanks to our friends at the U-Bootskameradschaft Kiel for allowing us to bring their sacred book containing the names of all 28,863 U-Bootfahrer who were lost in action during World War II here to the USA where we carefully copied all the names of the fallen and list them here on our site.  Ours is the only website in the world that lists all these names.

History of the German Submarine U-9


Conning tower emblem U-9

Much of this information, the data, the photos etc. comes directly from the veterans, the veterans’ organizations and is the most accurate available anywhere …much of this information is not even known elsewhere.

U-9 pre-war U-9 at sea early in the war
TYPE BUILDER LAUNCHED
II-B Germania Werft (Kiel) 30 July 1935
COMMISSIONED FELDPOST Nr. SUNK
21 August 1935 M13068 20 August 1944
SUNK BY LOCATION SUNK POSITION SUNK
Soviet aircraft Costanzia Harbor Dockside

No men lost

 

Commanders of U-9 include:

LAST NAME FIRST NAME RANK FROM TO OTHER BOATS COMMENTS
Looff Hans-Günther KK U-1, U-27 and U-122 KIA aboard U-122
Mathes Ludwig Kplt 19 Sep 1939 U-6 and U-44 KIA aboard U-44
Schulte Max Oblt zS 19 Sep 1939 28 Dec 1939 U-13 POW aboard U-13
Lüth  * Wolfgang Oblt zS 28 Dec 1939 30 May 1941 U-13, U-43, U-138 and U-181
Deecke  ** Joachim Oblt zS 30 May 1941 28 Oct 1942 U-584 KIA aboard U-584
Schmidt-Weichart Oblt zS 28 Oct 1942 15 Sep 1943 U-3501
Klapdor Heinrich Oblt zS 15 Sep 1943 U-2538
Dehrmann Lt zS 31 Mar 1944 7 April 1944
Petersen Kurt Kplt 7 April 1944
Kaufmann Wolfgang Kplt U-10 and U-79


Lüth

NOTE – Sharkhunters Member’s names and Membership Number appear in bold capital letters.

*  Wolfgang Lüth was the second most successful combat submarine commander of World War II and he earned the Knights Cross with Oak Leaf, Crossed Swords and Diamonds.  He was the first U-Bootfahrer to earn this very high award.  More than a week after the end of the war, he was walking from the headquarters of Großadmiral Karl Dönitz in the naval academy at Flensburg/Mürwick late at night.  In the dark, the sentry challenged for the password. Deep in thought, Lüth did not hear the sentry and so did not return the password. Following the standing orders put in place by Lüth himself – the sentry fired, killing Wolfgang Lüth instantly. A Board of Inquiry quickly cleared the sentry of any wrongdoing. A rumor persisted that Lüth was so despondent at the crushing defeat of the Third Reich that he deliberately did not return the password, thereby wanting to be shot dead. Korvettenkapitän REINHARD HARDEGEN (102-LIFE-1985) knew Lüth quite well and he told us that this was not true – Lüth did not want to die; he was just so deep in thought that he did not hear the sentry. It was one of those terrible wartime accidents known as ‘Friendly Fire‘.

**  When Deecke was in command of U-584, he put four agents ashore in June 1942 at Ponte Vedre Beach, Florida (by Jacksonville) as the second half of Operation PASTORIUS, the plan to disrupt aluminum and aircraft production in the USA.

U-9 was initially attached to U-Bootflottille Weddigen then to the 1st U-Bootflottille based then in Kiel.  She had several mine laying operations in the North Sea – in particular off Cromarty Firth on 10 February 1940.  She operated off Norway in April 1940 during the Norway Invasion.  She operated off Holland in May 1940 then in October 1942, she was decommissioned, disassembled and taken by truck over the Autobahn then by barge down the Donau (Danube) river to Romania where she was rebuilt, recommissioned on 28 October 1942 and attached to the 30th U-Bootflottille operating in the Black Sea.

SHIPS SUNK BY U-9 (Lüth commanding)

DATE NAME NATION TYPE GRT
18 Jan 1940 FLANDRIA Sweden Freighter 1,179 tons
18 Jan 1940 PATRIA Sweden Freighter 1,188 tons
11 Feb 1940 LINDA Estonia Freighter 1,213 tons
?? May 1940 SAN TIBURCO  * England Tanker 5,995 tons
9 May 1940 DORIS France Submarine    552 tons
11 May 1940 VIIU Estonia Freighter 1,908 tons
11 May 1940 TRINGA England Freighter 1,930 tons
23 May 1940 SIGURDS
FAULBAUMS **
German Freighter 3,256 tons
FLANDRIA SIGURD FAULBAUMS

*    SAN TIBURCO struck a mine in the field laid by U-9 over the night 9/10 February 1940.
**  SIGURDS FAULBAUMS was a German ship that had been captured by the British.
She was en route to England as a Prize of War when she was sunk by Lüth.

SHIPS ATTACKED BY U-9 (Petersen commanding)

DATE NAME NATION TYPE GRT
5 Apr 1944 unknown  + USSR fishing boat unknown
11 May 1944 ZASCITNIK   ++ USSR Torpedoboat unknown
17 May 1940 unknown    +++ USSR unknown unknown

+        Small fishing boat sunk by 20mm gunfire
++    Fired GNAT and observed large explosion after two minutes thirty-one seconds in a small convoy. There was a heavy oil smell in the area the next day.  Postwar records indicate that this was probably the Torpedoboat ZASCITNIK (T-411) but it is possible that it was a damaging hit of the Torpedoboat STORM.
+++   U-9 saw one torpedo hit and explode on the bow of the ship. No confirmation.

On 25 May 1944, they fired at a large ship of 9,000 tons and heard an explosion after eleven and a half minutes. There was no confirmation and this was probably an end-of-run detonation.

History of the German Submarine U-10

Conning tower emblem U-10

Much of this information, the data, the photos etc. comes directly from the veterans, the veterans’ organizations and is the most accurate available anywhere …much of this information is not even known elsewhere.

TYPE BUILDER LAUNCHED
II-B Germania Werft (Kiel) 13 August 1935
COMMISSIONED FELDPOST Nr. SUNK
9 September 1935 M04324 Not sunk
SUNK BY LOCATION SUNK POSITION SUNK
Not sunk Not sunk Not sunk

No men lost

 

Commanders of U-10 include:

LAST NAME FIRST NAME RANK FROM TO OTHER BOATS COMMENTS
Scheringer Heinz Oblt zS 9 Sep 1935 U-13 and U-26
Preuss Joachim Oblt zS 28 Jan 1940 U-568
Rigele Hermann FK Training U-17, U-20, U-31, UD-1 & UD-3
Sohler Herbert KK Training U-46 and U-B
Weingärtner Hannes KK Training U-4, U-16 and U-851 KIA aboard U-851
Brandt Christian Oblt zS Training U-542 KIA aboard U-542
SCHULZ   * GEORG WILHELM Kplt Training U-64 and U-124
Mützelberg ** Rolf Kplt Training U-203 Killed with U-203
von Rabenau W. R. Kplt Training U-52 and U-702KIA aboard U-702
Ruweidel Kurt Obly zS Training U-337 KIA aboard U-337
Karpf Hans KK Training U-632 KIA aboard U-632
Strenger W. Oblt zS Training U-1023
Lorentz Günter Oblt zS Training U-63 POW from U-63
Ahlers Kurt Oblt zS Training

       
SCHULZ (162-+-1986)           Mützelberg

NOTE – Sharkhunters Member’s names appear in bold capital letters followed by their Membership Number.

 

*  GEORG WILHELM SCHULZ (162-+-1986) was known as ‘Vatti‘ Schulz (Papa Schulz) by the men of the U-Bootwaffe because he was well liked and highly respected.  He is probably best known for his ‘Edelweißboot‘ (U-124) but in addition, he trained many of the best U-Boat Skippers – REINHARD HARDEGEN (102-LIFE-1985), Werner Henke, Joachin Mohr to name just a few.

**  We note that Rolf Mützelberg was killed with U-203, not killed in action (KIA) because he was not killed in combat.  In a safe area with a calm sea, Mützelberg stopped the boat and allowed his men to swim off the boat.  He dived off the bridge and failed to take into account the wide saddle tanks of the Type VII boat – he struck his head on the tank, killing himself in a sad accident.

From 9 September 1935, U-10 was attached to a training flotilla as a schulboot (training boat).  When war broke out, she assigned to a Front-Bootflottille as a Frontboot (combat boat) where she operated in the North Sea and the North Atlantic until June of 1940.  She was then transferred to the 21st U-Bootflottille based in Pillau as a permanent schulboot.  U-10 was decommissioned 1 August 1944 and was broken up for scrap after the war.

 

SHIPS SUNK BY U-10 (Preuss commanding)

DATE NAME NATION TYPE GRT
17 Feb 1940 KVERNAAS Norway Freighter 1,819 tons
18 Feb 1940 AMELAND Netherlands Freighter 4,537 tons
KVERNASS in port AMELAND in port the end of AMELAND

 

Deepest thanks to our friends at the U-Bootskameradschaft Kiel for allowing us to bring their sacred book containing the names of all 28,863 U-Bootfahrer who were lost in action during World War II here to the USA where we carefully copied all the names of the fallen and list them here on our site.  Ours is the only website in the world that lists all these names.

History of the German Submarine U-11
TYPE BUILDER LAUNCHED
II-B Germania Werft (Kiel) 27 August 1935
COMMISSIONED FELDPOST Nr. SUNK
21 September 1935 M27219 Not sunk
SUNK BY LOCATION SUNK POSITION SUNK
Not sunk Not sunk Not sunk

No men lost

 

Commanders of U-11 include:

LAST NAME FIRST NAME RANK FROM TO OTHER BOATS COMMENTS
RÖSING HANS-RUDOLF KK 21 Sep 1935 U-48
Peters Georg KK Training U-8, U-6 and U-38
Stolzenberg Oblt zS Training U-2543
SCHÜTZE VIKTOR KK 23 Aug 1939 U-19, U-25 and U-103
Dobernecker Günther Oblt zS Training

  
RÖSING (313-+-1987)                  Schütze

NOTE – Sharkhunters Member’s names appear in bold capital letters followed by their Membership Number.

 

U-11 was temporarily attached to the 1st U-Bootflottille then based in Kiel then quickly sent to a training flotilla as a schulboot (training boat).  She saw no combat, made no attacks, was decommissioned at Kiel, surrendered to the Allies in May 1945 and later broken up for scrap

 

Deepest thanks to our friends at the U-Bootskameradschaft Kiel for allowing us to bring their sacred book containing the names of all 28,863 U-Bootfahrer who were lost in action during World War II here to the USA where we carefully copied all the names of the fallen and list them here on our site.  Ours is the only website in the world that lists all these names.

History of the German Submarine U-12
TYPE BUILDER LAUNCHED
II-B Germania Werft (Kiel) 11 September 1935
COMMISSIONED FELDPOST Nr. SUNK
11 September 1935 M17865 8 Oct 1939
SUNK BY LOCATION SUNK POSITION SUNK
Mine Dover Straits Unknown

No men lost – all captured

 

Commanders of U-12 include:

LAST NAME FIRST NAME RANK FROM TO OTHER BOATS COMMENTS
von Schmidt Werner KK 11 Sep 1935 U-15, U-25, U-40 and U-116
Pauckstadt Hans FK U-18, U-20, U-34, U-30 and U-193
von der Ropp Dietrich Kplt 8 Oct 1939

U-12 was on maneuvers 15 through 17 May 1939 then she went on operational patrol in the English Channel.  This Feindfahrt (patrol) was to run from 25 August 1939 through 20 October 1939.  This probably would have consisted of more than one Feindfahrt due to the length of time.  Type II boats near their home waters did not experience war patrols of two months duration.  The boat apparently struck a mine 8 October 1939 and was lost with all hands.

According to Oberleutnant zur See ERNST SCHMIDT (10-+-1983), an officer who served aboard U-345 and U-821, informed us that von der Ropp’s body washed ashore at Dunkirk soon after the sinking.  Perhaps a calculation of the tides and currents at the time could be used to determine the position of the wreck.

U-12 made no attacks and sank no ships during her brief time in the war.

Men lost on U-12

LAST NAME FIRST NAME RANK LAST NAME FIRST NAME RANK
Bölke Emil St Sts Breiter Hermann Funk Mt
Eckersberger Alfred Funk Ogfr Ehler Harry Mtr Gfr
Fischer Otto St Oberstuermann Fredriksson Werner Oberbootsmann
Hähnel Henry Mtr Ogfr Heymühle Willi Masch Gfr
Horn Werner Mtr Ogfr Kohlisch Ernst Mtr Ogfr
Kresse Walter Masch Ogfr Lerch Otto Masch Ogfr
Mayr Michael Masch Mt Meyer Hans Mech Mt
Pein Klaus Oblt zS Reng Johann St Masch
von der Ropp Dietrich Kplt Schellenberger Franz Masch Mt
Schmid Franz Masch Ogfr Schymik Ewald Masch Mt
Soete Ludwig Masch Mt Stolte Bruno Masch Ogfr
Thöllden Hans Oblt zS Westphal Hermann Mech Ogfr
Wittke Friederich Funk Ogfr Zeidler Georg Masch Mt
Zschemisch Erhard Mtr Ogfr Scholz Heinz Stabs Ogfr
History of the German Submarine U-13
TYPE BUILDER LAUNCHED
II-B Deutsches Werft (Kiel) 9 November 1935
COMMISSIONED FELDPOST Nr. SUNK
30 November 1935 M15421 31 May 1940
SUNK BY LOCATION SUNK POSITION SUNK
HMS WESTON  (L-72) off London 52º 27′ N x 02º 02′ E

No men lost – all captured

 

Commanders of U-13 include:

LAST NAME FIRST NAME RANK FROM TO OTHER BOATS COMMENTS
von Stockhausen Hans Gerritt KK 30 Nov 1935 U-65
Lüth Wolfgang FK U-9, U-138, U-43 and U-181
Daublesky von Eichain Karl Kplt Sept 1939 10 Nov 1939
Scheringer Heinz Kplt 10 Nov 1939 30 Dec 1939 U-10 and U-26
Schulte Max Oblt zS 30 Dec 1939 31 May 1940 POW from U-13


Wolfgang Lüth

U-13 had several Feindfahrten (war patrols) off the northeast coast of Scotland from September 1939 through April of 1940, including one mine-laying mission off Orfordness, England on 4 September 1939 and in the Firth of Tay on 12 December 1939.  another war patrol was taken in the area of the Orkney Islands in April 1940.

On 12 September 1939, U-13 rescued the crew of a downed German aircraft in the North Sea.

 

SHIPS SUNK BY U-13 (Daublesky commanding)

DATE NAME NATION TYPE GRT
10 Sep 1939 MAGDAPUR   *
England Freighter 8,641 tons
16 Sep 1939 CITY OF PARIS  **
England Freighter 10,902 tons
24 Sep 1939 PHRYNE  ***
France Freighter 2,660 tons
30 Oct 1939 CAIRNMONA
England Freighter 4,666 tons
MAGDAPUR the end of MAGDAPUR
CAIRNMONA

*     MAGDAPUR struck a mine in the field laid down on 4 September 1939
**   CITY OF PARIS struck a mine in the field laid down 4 September 1939; was damaged, not sunk.
***  PHRYNE struck a mine in the field laid down on 4 September 1939

 

SHIPS SUNK BY U-13 (Scheringer commanding)

DATE NAME NATION TYPE GRT
2 Feb 1940 ANU  + Estonia Freighter 1,421 tons

+   ANU struck a mine in the field laid down 12 December 1939

 

SHIPS SUNK BY U-13 (Schulte commanding)

DATE NAME NATION TYPE GRT
20 Jan 1940 unknown    X unknown unknown unknown
31 Jan 1940 START Norway Freighter 1,168 tons
1 Feb 1940 FRAM
Sweden Freighter 2,491 tons
16 April 1940 unknown   XX England destroyer unknown
17 Apr 1940 SWAINBY
England Freighter 4,935 tons
26 Apr 1940 unknown    XXX unknown Freighter 4,000 tons

X     Claimed a 4,000 ton steamer damaged by torpedo – no confirmation
XX   Claimed damage to an un-named destroyer of 1,870 tons – no confirmation
XXX Schulte saw one hit on the bow of a freighter of approximately 4,000 tons which blew off
the forecastle.  The ship sank in less than one minute.  No name was learned for this ship.

Additionally, on 28 April 1940 U-13 (Schulte) damaged the 6,999 ton British tanker SCOTTISH AMERICAN.

tanker SCOTTISH AMERICAN

History of the German Submarine U-14

     

TYPE BUILDER LAUNCHED
II-B Deutsches Werft (Kiel) 18 December 1935
COMMISSIONED FELDPOST Nr. SUNK
18 January 1936 M28451 2 May 1945
SUNK BY LOCATION SUNK POSITION SUNK
her own crew Wilhelmshaven harbor

No men lost

 

Commanders of U-14 include:

LAST NAME FIRST NAME RANK FROM TO OTHER BOATS COMMENTS
Oehrn Victor FK 18 Jan 1936
Wellner Horst Kplt U-16 KIA aboard U-16
Wohlfarth Herbert Oblt zS
Bigalk Gerhard Kplt U-751 KIA aboard U-751
Purkhold Hubertus Kplt U-260
Petersen Klaus Kplt Feb 1942 Jun 1942 U-24, U-9 and U-3042
Bortfelt Oblt zS U-1167
Heidtmann Hans Kplt U-2, U-21 and U-559
Konenkamp Jürgen Kplt U-375 KIA aboard U-375
Kohntopp  * Walter Kplt U-995
Dierke Hans-Joachim Oblt zS

      
Victor Oehrn                         Herbert Wolhfarth                   Gerhard Bigalk                   Walter Kohntopp

*  Walter Kohntopp was accused of not being aggressive enough when he commanded U-995, was busted from Kapitänleutnant to ordinary seaman and was put on an anti-aircraft gun aboard a minesweeper.

U-14 was initially based at Memel (Klaipeda) when the war broke out and operated in the Baltic.  In September 1939, U-14 operated off Scapa Flow and later in September 1939, off the northeast coast of Scotland then back there again in February 1940.  Over January and February of 1940, U-14 patrolled off the coast of Holland, then off Norway in April 1940 during the Norway Action.

Wellner claimed sinking two submarines, one on 3 September 1939 and the other on 24 September 1939.  No confirmation.

SHIPS SUNK BY U-14 (Wohlfarth commanding)

DATE NAME NATION TYPE GRT
25 Jan 1940 BIARRITZ
Norway Freighter 1,752 tons
15 Feb 1940 SLEIPNER Denmark Freighter 1,066 tons
16 Feb 1940 RHONE Denmark Freighter 1,064 tons
16 Feb 1940 OSMED
Sweden Freighter 1,526 tons
16 Feb 1940 LIANA
Sweden Freighter 1,664 tons
 7 Mar 1940 VECHT Netherlands Freighter 1,965 tons
 9 Mar 1940 BORTHWICK England Freighter 1,097 tons
 9 Mar 1940 ABBOTSFORD
England Freighter 1,585 tons

 

               

SS ABBOTSFORD

History of the German Submarine U-15
TYPE BUILDER LAUNCHED
II-B Deutsches Werft (Kiel) 15 February 1936
COMMISSIONED FELDPOST Nr. SUNK
7 March 1936 M06991 1 February 1940
SUNK BY LOCATION SUNK POSITION SUNK
ILTIS North Sea 54º 19′ N x 04º 47′ E

All hands lost – 23 men. See below for names.

 

Commanders of U-15 include:

LAST NAME FIRST NAME RANK FROM TO OTHER BOATS COMMENTS
von Schmidt Werner Kplt 7 Mar 1936 U-12, U-25, U-40 and U-116
Bucholz Horst Kplt 25 Oct 1939 U-195 and U-177 KIA aboard U-177
Frahm Peter Oblt zS U-15

 

On 5 September 1939, U-15 laid mines off Flamborough Head (England) then on 17 November she laid a minefield off Lowestoft.  In between these mine-laying operations, U-15 conducted Feindfahrten (war patrols) along the French coast and also in the English Channel over September and October of 1939.

U-15 departed Wilhelmshaven on 30 January 1940 with the German torpedoboat ILTIS as her escort.  There was an accidental collision between the two vessels resulting in the loss of U-15 and her entire crew.

 

SHIPS SUNK BY U-15 (Bucholz commanding)

DATE NAME NATION TYPE GRT
10 Sep 1939 GOODWOOD England Freighter 2,796 tons
21 Oct 1939 ORSA England Freighter 1,478 tons

NOTE – Both GOODWOOD and ORSA ran onto mines planted by U-15 off Flamborough Head on 5 September 1939.

 

SHIPS SUNK BY U-15 (Frahm commanding)

DATE NAME NATION TYPE GRT
28 Dec 1939 RESEARCHO England Trawler 258 tons

NOTE – RESEARCHO ran onto a mine in the field planted by U-15 off Lowestoft on 17 November 1939.

 

Men lost on U-15

LAST NAME FIRST NAME RANK LAST NAME FIRST NAME RANK
Ahrens Karl Ober Masch Mt Becker Emil St Obstrm
Bienioschek Wilhelm Masch Mt Cornelius Heinrich Ober Btsmt
Frahm Peter Kapitänleutnant Hinnerichs Helmut Btsmt
Hübner Karl Mech Gfr Johanns Wilhelm Mtr Ob Gfr
Kähne Fritz Mtr Ob Gfr Kalweit Max Funk Ob Gfr
Lindstedt Wilhelm Masch Gfr Merk Theodor Masch Ob Gfr
Micus Wilhelm Ober Masch Panneck Otto Mech Mt
Roux Wilhelm Oblt zS Sachse Gerhard Ober Funk Mt
Schmidt Hartmut Oblt ING Söchting Heinz Funk Ob Gfr
Stölting Walter Ober Masch Mt Thiel Albert Mtr Ob Gfr
Tünschel Waldemar Masch Ob Gfr Weber Heinrich Ober Masch Mt
Westphal Fritz Masch Gfr
History of the German Submarine U-16
TYPE BUILDER LAUNCHED
II-B Deutsches Werft (Kiel) 28 April 1936
COMMISSIONED FELDPOST Nr. SUNK
16 May 1936 M13014 24 Oct 1939
SUNK BY LOCATION SUNK POSITION SUNK
HMS PUFFIN (L-52/K-52)
and HMS CAYTON WYKE (FY-191)
Goodwins Sands 51º 09′ N x 01º 28′ E

All hands lost – 28 men. See below for names

 

Commanders of U-16 include:

LAST NAME FIRST NAME RANK FROM TO OTHER BOATS COMMENTS
Beduhn Heinz KK  18 May 1936 U-23 and U-25 KIA aboard U-25
Behrens Udo KK U-24, U-17 and U-845
Weingärtner Hannes Kplt U-4, U-10 and U-851 KIA aboard U-851
Wellner Horst Kplt 4 Oct 1939 previously U-14 KIA aboard U-16

On 5 September 1939, U-16 conducted a mine-laying patrol off Tees Bay, England and a combat patrol off the Norwegian coast in September 1939.  She was on another mine-laying mission off Dover when she was lost.

Above Photos, left and right: HMS PUFFIN

According to one report, U-16 was attacked on 23 October 1939 by HMS PUFFIN and HMS CAYTON WYKE while she was on her mine-laying patrol but was not sunk.  It appears that one of her own mines detonated while being deployed on 24 October.

The wreck was discovered stranded on Goodwins Sands on 25 October by the Royal Army.  An attempt was made to board the boat at low tide but weather prevented this so a diving team came out the next day.  The boat appeared to have been slightly damaged down the portside and more extensively in the bows.  The casing abaft the conning tower was undamaged.  Two officers boarded the boat and found the conning tower hatch to be closed but not secured. Lieutenant Commander Furze climbed down until the water reached his shoulders, and he was able to bring up a variety of odds and ends but nothing of importance.  The tide began rising and no further progress could be made.  Weather prevented further access and it was 2 November 1939 before the boat could be approached again and by this time, the angle of list was rapidly increasing and the boat was silting up badly.  Nothing more was attempted and the boat was swallowed up in the sands.

According to official British reports we read:”Following detection of a submarine by the Loop indicator Station at St. Margaret’s Bay at about 1225Z on 24 October HMS PUFFIN and HMS CAYTON WYKE carried out a number of attacks between 1341Z and 1657Z with a limited number of depth charges set to fifty feet. After the last attack, a small amount of oil was seen. This was in approximate position 51º 10’N x 01º 29’E.  The ships remained in the area until dark but nothing further was seen. On the morning of 25 October 1939, U-16 was found stranded nearby on the Goodwins Sands. An officer who led a party out to inspect the submarine found the conning tower hatch open but owing to bad weather they did not enter the boat.  On the 26th, U-16 was sucked into the Sands where I suspect she remains today.  There is no evidence as to the fate of the crew and no bodies were found.”

Additional reports state:  “U-16 entered Kiel on 5 October 1939 and was taken over by the entire crew of U-14 which had to go into dock for major refit.  U-16 sailed on 16 October to lay mines off Dover.  The last report came from the boat at 0450 hours German time on 25 October saying ‘Seriously damaged; must scuttle’.  British records suggest there had been a contact at about noon of the 24th with HMS PUFFIN (LtCdr W. F. Hollins) and a few hours later with the trawler HMS CAYTON WYKE(Cdr. R. H. B. Hammond-Chambers) of the 1st Anti-Submarine Flotilla.  It is not certain whether the damage to U-16 resulted from depth charge attacks or from a mine.  However, during the morning of 25 October, five hours after sending her last message, U-16 was observed from a coastal station to be stranded on the Goodwins Sands.  An attempt to get aboard that evening proved too difficult and a diving boat was towed out early the next day.  A number of bodies in life jackets were washed up in Britain and France and one as far away as the island of Ameland.”

The wreck was located in April 1960 by four amateur divers.  Two of them, Ronald McCaig and Thomas Hatton entered the wreck through the open conning tower hatch.  They got as far as the engine area but could not go onward due to a blockage.  On returning for another attempt the following day, the diving team was unable to find the wreck again.

EDITOR NOTE – All this makes one wonder if there was any loss of life at all aboard U-16 during the attack and sinking.  Apparently, all (or most) got off the boat safely only to perish later in the sea.

 

SHIPS SUNK BY U-16 (Weingärtner commanding)

DATE NAME NATION TYPE GRT
28 Sep 1939 NYLAND Sweden Freighter 3,378 tons

 

SHIPS SUNK BY U-16 (Wellner commanding)

<th”>TYPEGRT

DATE NAME NATION
20 Nov 1939 Ste. CLAIR France Trawler     57 tons

NOTE – Ste. CLAIR ran onto a mine in the field planted by U-16.

 

Men lost on U-16

LAST NAME FIRST NAME RANK LAST NAME FIRST NAME RANK
Baumbach Erich Funk mt Bieker Hermann Funk Gfr
Branke Walter Bts Mt Dielforter Karl Ober Masch Mt
Eickmann Anton Masch Mt Fett Paul Masch Ob Gfr
Hanf Paul Masch Ob Gfr Keil Hans Mtr Ob Gfr
Krämer Rolf Masch Ob Gfr Kretschmer Fritz Mech Mt
Kuhn Heinrich St Ob Stm Linke Hans Oblt ING
Mahnke Friedhelm Mech Haupt Gfr Materna Hubert Btsm
Noske Heinz Masch Ob Gfr Schneider Hugo Masch Mt
Schneidmüller Rudolf Masch Mt Schreiber Rudolf Mtr Gfr
Schuchna Otto Masch Mt Sobek Siegfried Mtr Gfr
Tischer Heinz Mtr Gfr Tomiczek Georg Mtr Ob Gfr
Trott Christian Masch Ob Gfr Tryanowski Ernst Mtr Ob Gfr
Wagner Alfred Funk Ob Gfr Wellner Horst Kplt
Woschke Heinz Joachim Oblt zS Wuest Hans St. Masch
History of the German Submarine U-17

    

TYPE BUILDER LAUNCHED
II-B Deutsches Werft (Kiel) 14 Nov 1935
COMMISSIONED FELDPOST Nr. SUNK
 3 Dec 1935 M25322  2 May 1945
SUNK BY LOCATION SUNK POSITION SUNK
her crew Wilhelmshaven

No men lost

 

Commanders of U-17 include:

LAST NAME FIRST NAME RANK FROM TO OTHER BOATS COMMENTS
Fresdorf Kplt   3 Dec 1935
Behrens Udo KK   Nov 1939   June 1940 U-7, U-16 and U-24
Rigele Hermann FK Training U-10, U-31, UD-1 and UD-3
Stiebler Wolf KK Training U-8, U-21, U-61 and U-461
Wollschläger Kplt Training UC-1, UC-2 and U-721
Schultze Wolfgang Kplt Training U-512
Bartsch Oblt zS Training U-18
Collmann Herwig Kplt Training U-562
Jeppner-Haltenhoff Harald KK Training U-24
Schmidt K.  H. Oblt zS Training U-37, U-1103 and U-3529
Sitek Oblt zS Training U-981
Baumgartel Oblt zS Training U-142
Heydemann Ernst Oblt zS Training U-269
von Reiche KK Training

U-17 was attached to the U-Bootflottille Weddigen and had several Feindfahrten (war patrols) in the North Sea as well as a mine laying operation off Dover on 5 September 1939.  On 26 April 1940 U-17 rescued the crew of a downed German plane off Norway.  In May 1943 U-17 was transferred to the 22nd U-Bootflottille, a training flotilla, and was a schulboot (school boat) for the rest of the war.

On 2 May 1945, she was scuttled by her own crew in Wilhelmshaven in Operation Regenbogen (Rainbow) against orders.

 

SHIPS SUNK BY U-17 (Behrens commanding)

DATE NAME NATION TYPE GRT
 2 Mar 1940 RIJNSTROOM Netherlands Freighter    695 tons
 5 Mar 1940 GRUTTO Netherlands Freighter    920 tons

 

SS RIJNSTROOM SS GRUTTO
History of the German Submarine U-18

Conning tower emblem U-18

TYPE BUILDER LAUNCHED
II-B Deutsches Werft (Kiel)  7 Dec 1935
COMMISSIONED FELDPOST Nr. SUNK
 4 Jan 1936 M23452 20 Nov 1936
SUNK BY LOCATION SUNK POSITION SUNK
torpedoboat T-156 Flotilla LOHS
SUNK
10 Sep 1944
SUNK BY LOCATION SUNK POSITION SUNK
her crew Costanzia

 1st sinking – 8 Men Lost.  (names not listed because it was pre-war)

 2nd sinking – No men lost.

 

Commanders of U-18 include:

LAST NAME FIRST NAME RANK FROM TO OTHER BOATS COMMENTS
Pauckstadt Hans Oblt zS   4 Jan 1936 U-12, U-20, U-30, U-34 and U-193
Bauer Max-Hermann Kplt 10 Dec 1938 U-50 KIA aboard U-50
Mengersen Ernst KK 10 Dec 1938 20 Aug 1040 U-143, U-101 and U-607
Linder Hans KK 20 Aug 1940 17 Dec 1940 U-202
Vogelsang Ernst KK 17 Dec 1940 U-132 KIA aboard U-132
Wißmann Friederich Kplt   9 Apr 1941 U-518
von Rosenberg-
Gruszczynski
Hans-Achim Oblt zS   9 Apr 1941   3 Jun 1941 U-384
Fleige Karl KK December 1942 April 1944 U-4712
Bartsch Oblt zS U-17
Arendt Rudolf Oblt zS April 1944 10 Sep 1944

U-18 was initially attached to the U-Bootflottille Lohs.  On 20 November 1936, she was sunk in a collision with the German torpedoboat T-156 and eight men were lost.  she was salvaged the following year and returned to service in 1937.

She had patrols in the Baltic over August and September of 1939 which included an engagement with a Polish submarine on 3 September 1939 with no outcome.  She patrolled in the North Sea periodically from September 1939 to January 1940 which included one patrol off Northern Scotland in October 1939.

Ernst Mengersen Ernst Vogelsang Karl Fleige

After combat in the early years of World War II, U-18 was reassigned to the 24th and 22nd U-Bootflottille as a schulboot (school boat) for another year.  Some of the Skippers listed here were training aboard U-18.

 

SHIPS SUNK BY U-18 (Mengersen commanding)

DATE NAME NATION TYPE GRT
18 November 1939 WIGMORE  * English Fishing boat    345 tons
23 January 1940 VARLID Norway Freighter 1,085 tons

*  WIGMORE was listed as part of an Icelandic fishing convoy.

U-18 was one of the six Type II-B boats that were disassembled in Germany, moved via rivers and autobahns to Rumania where they were rebuilt and recommissioned in Galati, Romania on 6 May 1943 as the 30th U-Bootflottille in the Black Sea.  She had seven Feindfahrten (war patrols) in the Black Sea until her crew scuttled her off Costanzia.

 

SHIPS SUNK BY U-18 (Fleige commanding)

DATE NAME NATION TYPE GRT
23 June 1943 LENINGRAD  * Soviet Freighter 1,783 tons
17 July 1943 VOROSILOV Soviet Freighter 3,908 tons
29 August 1943 unknown  ** Soviet Q-Ship    800 tons
18 September 1943 unknown Soviet Freighter    800 tons
  8 November 1943 unknown Soviet Tanker 2,000 tons
18 November 1943 unknown Soviet Freighter 1,500 tons
17 February 1944 unknown   *** Soviet Freighter 1,500 tons
24 April 1944 unknown Soviet Tugboat    500 tons
24 April 1944 unknown Soviet Barge    600 tons
11 August 1944 unknown Soviet Freighter 1,500 tons
13 August 1944 unknown Soviet Gunboat    ??? tons

*  LENINGRAD was hit after a torpedo run of two and a half minutes
**   A “Q-Ship” is an ASW ship disguised as an old freighter to lure the submarine in close, a U-Boat trap
***   They fired through an open ASW net and observed a sinking ship

The unusually high number of “unknowns” and rounded off tonnage would indicate that there was no visual observation of ship sinkings and no confirmation from B-Dienst or other sources.

Under Fleige, U-18 concentrated her attacks in the area of the Batumi roadstead harbor. and off Tuapse in late 1943.  The conning tower emblem shown above was used when Fleige was commanding.

On 10 September 1944 U-18 was scuttled by her own crew off Costanzia as the Red Army closed in.

History of the German Submarine U-19

       

Front of conning tower U-19   Rear of conning tower U-19
                       

Another tower emblem         Mützenabzeichen (cap badge) of U-19

TYPE BUILDER LAUNCHED
II-B Deutsches Werft (Kiel) 21 Dec 1935
COMMISSIONED FELDPOST Nr. SUNK
16 Jan 1936 M23036 10 Sep 1944
SUNK BY LOCATION SUNK POSITION SUNK
hew crew Erekli, Turkey

No men lost *

 

Commanders of U-19 include:

LAST NAME FIRST NAME RANK FROM TO OTHER BOATS COMMENTS
Schutze Victor KPT zS 16 Jan 1936 U-11, U-25 and U-105
Meckel Hans FK U-3
Müller-Arnecke Wilhelm KK 2 Nov 1939 2 Jan 1940
Schepke Joachim Kplt 2 Jan 1940 26 Apr 1940 U-100 KIA aboard U-100
Prellberg Wilfried KK 26 Apr 1940 20 Jun 1940 U-31
Lohmeyer Peter KK 20 Jun 1940 18 Oct 1940 U-138 and U-651
Kaufmann Wolfgang Kplt 18 Oct 1940    8 Nov 1940 U-9 and U-79
Schendel Rudolf KK 8 Nov 1940 31 May 1941 U-134 and U-2509
Litterscheid Kplt 31 May 1941 12 Jun 1941 U-411
Gaude Hans Ludwig Kplt 20 Dec 1943 U-3525 and U-2343
Verpooten Oblt zS
Ohlenberg Willy Oblt zS

 

U-19 was initially attached to the U-Bootflottille Weddigen and the 1st U-Bootflottille then based at Kiel. In June 1940, she was transferred to the 24th and 22nd U-Bootflottille as a Schulboot (school boat) until April 1942.  This was one of the six Type II-B boats that were decommissioned and disassembled then shipped by rivers and autobahn to the Rumanian coast.  U-19 and the other five were reconstructed and recommissioned into the 30th U-Bootflottille based out of Costanzia, Rumania to attack Soviet shipping on the Black Sea.

 U-19 on patrol. Photos courtesy of a crew member of U-19

While with the 1st U-Bootflottille, U-19 had several patrols in the North Sea including mine laying off Yarmouth, England over the night of 16-17 October 1939 and again off Orfordness on 18 November 1939.

U-19 was recommissioned in the 30th U-Bootflottille on the Black Sea and patrolled there against Soviet shipping until the Red Army was closing in on their base.  This boat was sailed across the Black Sea and the crew scuttled her off the Turkish coast near Erekli.  The Skipper and three crewmen were interned in Turkey.  There is no record what happened to the other crewmen but apparently, they were repatriated.

Victor Schutze Joachim Schepke

 

SHIPS SUNK BY U-19 (Meckel commanding):

DATE NAME NATION TYPE GRT
21 October 1939 CAPITAINE EDMOND
LABORIE
France Freighter 3,087 tons
21 October 1939 DEODATA Norway Freighter 3,295 tons
21 October 1939 KONSTANTINOS
HADJIPATERAS
Greece Freighter 5,962 tons

NOTE – the three ships above ran onto mines laid by U-19 on 17 October 1939.

 

SHIPS SUNK BY U-19 (Schepke commanding):

DATE NAME NATION TYPE GRT
   9 January 1940 MANX Norway Freighter 1,343 tons
23 January 1940 BALTANGLIA England Freighter 1,523 tons
23 January 1940 PLUTO Norway Freighter 1,598 tons
25 January 1940 LOUVAIN   * Belgium Freighter 4,434 tons
25 January 1940 GUDVEIG Norway Freighter 1,300 tons
20 March 1940 MINSK Denmark Freighter 1,229 tons
20 March 1940 CHARKOW Denmark Freighter 1,026 tons
20 March 1940 VIKING Denmark Freighter 1,153 tons
20 March 1940 BOTHAL Denmark Freighter 2,109 tons

*  NOTE – LOUVAIN flew the Belgian Flag but was actually the Latvian ship EVERNE

 

BALTANGLIA MINSK
CHARKOW VIKING

On 20 February 1940, Schepke fired at the 5,000 ton British tanker DAGHESTAN (photo right) but the torpedo detonated prematurely a few yards from the side of the ship, merely damaging her.

 

SHIPS SUNK BY U-19 (Gaude commanding)

DATE NAME NATION TYPE GRT
14 February 1943 KRASNYJ
PROFINTERN
Soviet Freighter 4,648 tons

On 23 March 1943, they observed one hit on a Soviet freighter of about 2,000 tons but could not observe further.

SHIPS SUNK BY U-19 (Ohlenberg commanding):

DATE NAME NATION TYPE GRT
27 June 1944 unknown Soviet Freighter unknown
2 September 1944 VARYO ETSC 410 Soviet Freighter 441 tons

*  One of the crewmen of U-19 was killed in March 1945 in an accident months after the boat was scuttled. He was Obermaschinist Walter Schmidt, born 12 March 1916.

History of the German Submarine U-20

   

Conning tower emblems of U-20.  The Olympic Rings signify that one of the Skippers was from Naval Class 1936.

TYPE BUILDER LAUNCHED
II-B Deutsches Werft (Kiel) 14 Jan 1936
COMMISSIONED FELDPOST Nr. SUNK
 1 Feb 1936 M29421 10 Sep 1944
SUNK BY LOCATION SUNK POSITION SUNK
hew crew Erekli, Turkey

No men lost

 

Commanders of U-20 include:

LAST NAME FIRST NAME RANK FROM TO OTHER BOATS COMMENTS
Eckermann Hans FK 1 Feb 1936 U-A
Rigele Hermann FK U-10, U-17, U-31, UD-1 and UD-2
Pauckstadt Hans FK U-18, U-34, U-30, U-34 (2nd time) and U-193
Paulshen Otto KK U-557 KIA aboard U-557
Strater Wolfgang Kplt U-83 and U-614 KIA aboard U-614
Nolke Kurt KK U-263 KIA aboard U-263
Schauenberg H. KK U-577 KIA aboard U-577
Driver Heinrich KK U-23, U-145 and U-371
Möhle Karl Heinz KK U-123
von Klot-
Heydenfeldt
Harro Kplt 17 Jan 1940 U-4 and U-102 KIA aboard U-102
Zetzsche Hans-Jürgen Kplt U-4, U-560 and U-591
Schöler Clemens Kplt 27 May 1943 U-24
Grafen Karl Oblt zS 1 Nov 1943

U-20 was initially attached to the U-Bootflottille Lohs and the 1st U-Bootflottille then based at Kiel.  In June 1940, she was transferred to the 21st U-Bootflottille based in Pillau as a Schulboot (school boat) until September 1942.  This was one of the six Type II-B boats that were decommissioned and disassembled then shipped by rivers and autobahn to the Rumanian coast.  U-20 and the other five were reconstructed and recommissioned into the 30th U-Bootflottille based out of Costanzia, Rumania to attack Soviet shipping on the Black Sea.

While with the 1st U-Bootflottille, U-20 had several patrols in the North Sea, particularly off Northeastern Scotland in October 1939 and also January 1940.  She laid mines off Yarmouth, England over the night of 21 November 1939.

U-20 was recommissioned in the 30th U-Bootflottille on the Black Sea and she had seven Feindfahrten (war patrols) in the Black Sea against Soviet shipping including minelaying off the Caucasus on 20 September 1943 and again on 27 February 1944.  She was with the 30th U-Bootflottille until the Red Army was closing in on their base.  This boat was sailed across the Black Sea and the crew scuttled her off the Turkish coast near Erekli.

 

SHIPS SUNK BY U-20 (Möhle commanding):

DATE NAME NATION TYPE GRT
29 November 1939 IONIAN   * England Freighter 3,114 tons
  9 December 1939 MAGNUS Denmark Freighter 1,339 tons
10 December 1939 WILLOWPOOL  * England Freighter 4,815 tons
13 January 1940 SYLVIA Sweden Freighter 1,524 tons

   * IONIAN and WILLOWPOOL ran onto mines laid by U-20 on 22 November 1939.

SHIPS SUNK BY U-20 (von Klot Heydenfeldt commanding):

DATE NAME NATION TYPE GRT
27 January 1940 FARO Norway Freighter 844 tons
27 January 1940 FREDENSBORG Denmark Freighter 2,094 tons
27 January 1940 ENGLAND Denmark Freighter 2,319 tons
27 January 1940 HOSANGER Norway Freighter 1,591 tons
29 February 1940 MARIA ROSA Italy Freighter 4,211 tons
1 March 1940 MIRELLA Italy Freighter 5,430 tons
FREDENBORG PESTEL

 

SHIPS SUNK BY U-20 (Schöler commanding):

DATE NAME NATION TYPE GRT
30 September 1943 unknown Soviet Freighter    800 tons

 

SHIPS SUNK BY U-20 (Grafen commanding):

DATE NAME NATION TYPE GRT
16 January 1944 unknown Soviet Tanker 1,500 tons
19 June 1944 PESTEL Soviet Freighter 1,850 tons
24 June 1944 unknown Soviet MTB       15 tons
24 June 1944 unknown Soviet MTB       15 tons
24 June 1944 unknown Soviet MTB       15 tons
24 June 1944 unknown Soviet MTB       15 tons
History of the German Submarine U-21
TYPE BUILDER LAUNCHED
II-B Deutsches Werft (Kiel) 13 July 1936
COMMISSIONED FELDPOST Nr. SUNK
  3 Aug 1936 M08136
SUNK BY LOCATION SUNK POSITION SUNK
scrapped, not sunk

No men lost

 

Commanders of U-21 include:

LAST NAME FIRST NAME RANK FROM TO OTHER BOATS COMMENTS
Frauenheim Fritz FK 6 Jan 1940 U-101
Stiebler Wolf-Harro KK U-8, U-17, U-61 and U-461
Herbschleb Karl-Heinz Kplt Training U-85 and U-354
Lohse Bernhard KK Training U-585 KIA aboard U-585
Dohler Hans Oblt zS Training U-606 KIA aboard U-606
Geisler H-F ObltzS Training U-152, U-3006 and U-3049
Kügelberg Oblt zS Training
Heidtmann Hans Kplt Training U-2, U-14 and U-559
Schwartzkof W. Oblt zS Training U-2 and U-704

 

Fritz Frauenheim Wolf-Harro Stiebler Karl-Heinz Herbschleb

 

U-21 had operations in the Firth of Forth in September 1939. She laid mines off the Firth of Forth over the night of 4 and 5 November 1939.  She had operations off Northeastern Scotland in November 1939 and had two Feindfahrten (war patrols) in the North Sea.  There was a diplomatic incident of some kind when U-21 was damaged in a marine accident in late March 1940 off the Southwestern coast of Norway while deployed in support of the imminent German invasion of Norway. The entire crew of U-21 was interned by the Norwegians until the attacking German forces released them.

U-21 was returned to Germany for overhaul in mid-1940, then attached to the 21st U-Bootflottille based at Pillau t be used as a schulboot (school boat).  U-21 was decommissioned at Neustadt on 5 August 1944 then broken up for scrap in Danzig in February 1945.

 

SHIPS SUNK BY U-21 (Frauenheim commanding):

DATE NAME NATION TYPE GRT
1 Dec 1939 ARCTURUS Norway Freighter 1,277 tons
21 Dec 1939 MARS Sweden Freighter 1,475 tons
21 Dec 1939 CARL HENCKEL Sweden Freighter 1,352 tons
21 Dec 1939 HMS BAYONET  * England net tender 605 tons
24 Feb 1940 ROYAL ARCHER  * England Freighter 2,266 tons

 

   * HMS BAYONET and ROYAL ARCHER ran onto mines laid by U-21 on 4 November 1939.

 

SHIPS SUNK BY U-21 (Steibler commanding):=

DATE NAME NATION TYPE GRT
31 Jan 1940 VIDAR Denmark Freighter 1,353 tons
 4 Feb 1940 VID Yugoslavia Freighter 3,547 tons

 

SHIPS DAMAGED BY U-21 (Fraueheim commanding):

DATE NAME NATION TYPE GRT
22 Sep 1939 unknown (no confirmation) England Destroyer unknown
21 Nov 1939 HMS BELFAST England Cruiser 11,500 tons

 

HMS BELFAST (seen here as museum ship in London today) ran onto a mine laid by U-21 on 4 November 1939.

 

History of the German Submarine U-22
TYPE BUILDER LAUNCHED
II-B Deutsches Werft (Kiel) 29 July 1936
COMMISSIONED FELDPOST Nr. SUNK
20 Aug 1936 M26177 25 Apr 1940
SUNK BY LOCATION SUNK POSITION SUNK
mine in the Skagerrak 50º 00′ N x 09º 00’E

All hands lost.

 

Commanders of U-22 include:

LAST NAME FIRST NAME RANK FROM TO OTHER BOATS COMMENTS
Grosse Harald Kplt 21 Aug 1936 Oct 1937 U-8, U-34 and U-53 KIA aboard U-53
Winter Werner KK Oct 1937 Oct 1939 U-103
Jenisch Karl-Heinrich Kplt Oct 1939 25 Apr 1940 KIA aboard U-22
Harald Grosse Werner Winter Karl-Heinrich Jenisch

Initially U-22 was a Frontboot (combat boat) attached to U-Bootflottille Lohs then transferred to the 1st U-Bootflottille in Kiel.  When she was based out of Memel, U-22 had operations in the Baltic Sea then to the North Sea where she patrolled off the Moray Firth over November 1939 and then a mine-laying mission off Newcastle on the night of 20 December 1939.

U-22 struck a mine in the Skagerrak and was lost with all hands.

SHIPS SUNK BY U-22 (Grosse commanding):

DATE NAME NATION TYPE GRT
7 Sep 1939 unknown unknown Submarine unknown
20 Sep 1939 unknown Poland Submarine unknown

There was no confirmation – maybe just end of run detonations.

SHIPS SUNK BY U-22 (Jenisch commanding):

DATE NAME NATION TYPE GRT
18 Nov 1939 PARKHILL England Freighter    500 tons
20 Dec 1939 MARS   * Sweden Freighter 1,877 tons
25 Dec 1939 LOCH DOON   ** England Trawler    534 tons
28 Dec 1939 HANNE  ** Denmark Trawler 1,080 tons
21 Jan 1940 HMS EXMOUTH England Destroyer 1,475 tons
21 Jan 1940 MIRANDA Norway Freighter 1,328 tons
28 Jan 1940 ESTON  ** England Freighter 1,487 tons

*  MARS struck a mine laid down by U-22 on 15 December 1939.
**  LOCH DOON, HANNE and ESTON struck mines laid down by U-22 on 20 December 1939.
      

         HMS EXMOUTH

 

SHIPS DAMAGED BY U-22 (Jenisch commanding):

DATE NAME NATION TYPE GRT
21 Feb 1940 STRATHCLOVA England Trawler 1,500 tons

The torpedo detonated prematurely some yards off the side of STRATHCLOVA and probably only chipped some paint; no real damage.

History of the German Submarine U-23


U-23 Conning Tower Emblem

TYPE BUILDER LAUNCHED
II-B Deutsches Werft (Kiel) 28 Aug 1936
COMMISSIONED FELDPOST Nr. SUNK
24 Sep 1936 and again
3 June 1943
M02984 10 Sep 1944
SUNK BY LOCATION SUNK POSITION SUNK
her crew off Turkish coast unknown

No men lost.

 

Commanders of U-23 include:

LAST NAME FIRST NAME RANK FROM TO OTHER BOATS COMMENTS
KRETSCHMER OTTO Kplt Sep 1938 23 Mar 1940 U-99 POW from U-99
Beduhn Heinz Kplt 23 Mar 1940 Mar 1942 U-25 KIA aboard U-25
Wahlen Rolf-Birger Kplt Mar 1942 U-2514 and U-2541
Reichenberg-Klinke Kurt Kplt U-217 KIA aboard U-217
Driver Heinrich Kplt U-20, U-145 and U-371
Bruller Kplt U- 7 and U-407
Graf Ulrich U-69 KIA aboard U-69
Ahrend Rudolf Oblt zS U-18
KRETSCHMER (122-1985) Heinrich Driver

NOTE – Sharkhunters Member’s names appear in bold capital letters followed by their Membership Number.

 

U-23 finished up maneuvers over 13 to 23 September 1939 then she was attached as a Frontboot (combat boat) attached to the U-Bootflottille Weddigen then transferred to the 1st U-Bootflottille in Kiel.  She undertook three Feindfahrten (war patrols) in the North Sea.  She covered Northeastern Scotland September 1939 and February 1940 then in the area of the Orkney and Shetland Islands over December 1939 and January 1940, laid mines in Cromarty Firth on 4 November 1939.

No one else is aware that U-23 under OTTO KRETSCHMER (122-1985) was ready to sail into Scapa Flow and attack the battleship HMS ROYAL OAK.  He was quite angry when he and the other Type II-B boats in the North Sea were ordered to stand away from the Orkney Islands to avoid making the Royal Navy aware that an effort was coming to sneak U-47 into the anchorage to sink the battleship. KRETSCHMER knew nothing of this plan even though Günther Prien was a good friend AND it was KRETSCHMER‘s own brother, flying for the Luftwaffe, who did much of the aerial reconnaissance over Scapa Flow for Prien’s mission.

Aerial photo of Scapa Flow (right)

 

U-23 was then assigned to the 21st U-Bootflottille based at Pillau where she was a Schulboot (school boat).  Later U-23 was decommissioned and disassembled, transported via autobahn and rivers to Romania where she was rebuilt and recommissioned in the 30th U-Bootflottille and operated out of Costanzia, Romania against Soviet forces based in the Black Sea.

 

SHIPS SUNK BY U-23 (KRETSCHMER commanding):

DATE NAME NATION TYPE GRT
4 Oct 1939 GLEN FARG England Freighter      876 tons
8 Dec 1939 SCOTIA Denmark Freighter   2,400 tons
9 Dec 1939 unknown unknown unknown   2,500 tons est.
11 Jan 1940 FREDVILLE Norway Freighter   1,150 tons
12 Jan 1940 DANMARK Denmark Tanker 10,517 tons
24 Jan 1940 BISP Norway Freighter   1,000 tons
18 Feb 1940 HMS DARING England Destroyer   1,375 tons
22 Feb 1940 LOCH MADDY England Freighter   4,996 tons
HMS DARING LOCH MADDY bow (sinking) LOCH MADDY stern (salved)

LOCH MADDY was initially torpedoed by U-57 (Korth) and abandoned.  U-23 hit her again and she broke apart.

SHIPS SUNK BY U-23 (Wahlen commanding):

DATE NAME NATION TYPE GRT
24 Aug 1943 SC-207 Soviet Mine sweeper    586 tons
15 Oct 1943 unknown Soviet unknown 2,000 tons
23 Oct 1943 unknown Soviet Freighter 1,000 tons
23 Oct 1943 unknown  * Soviet Fishing boat unknown
?? Jan 1944 unknown Soviet Freighter 1,500 tons
?? Jan 1944 unknown Soviet Tanker 2,000 tons
  5 Apr 1944 unknown   ** Soviet Minesweeper unknown
29 May 1944 unknown   *** Soviet Tanker 1,800 tons
  2 June 1944 unknown   **** Soviet Fishing boat unknown
  3 June 1944 unknown Soviet Gunboat unknown

*       Fishing boat sunk by gunfire;
**      Minesweeper sunk by gunfire
***    The tanker was beached when U-23 hit her with one more torpedo;
****  Fishing boat sunk with hand grenades; they took three prisoners.

 

SHIPS DAMAGED BY U-23 (Ahrendt commanding):

DATE NAME NATION TYPE GRT
   Sep 1944 OITUZ Soviet Freighter 2,686 tons

Ahrendt fired three torpedoes into Costanzia Harbor through the nets and reported two detonations near the dock of the Romanian destroyer REGELE FERDINAND and one detonation near a 6,000 ton freighter. Actually only OITUZ was hit and damaged but she was already damaged and this torpedo caused her to be a total loss.  The other torpedo hit a dock and damaged it.

History of the German Submarine U-24

      
U-24 Conning Tower Emblems    Mützenabzeichen (hat badge)

   

TYPE BUILDER LAUNCHED
II-B Deutsches Werft (Kiel) 24 Sep 1936
COMMISSIONED FELDPOST Nr. SUNK
10 Oct 1936 and again
14 Oct 1942
M24897 10 Sep 1944
SUNK BY LOCATION SUNK POSITION SUNK
her crew off Turkish coast unknown

No men lost.

 

Commanders of U-24 include:

LAST NAME FIRST NAME FROM TO OTHER BOATS COMMENTS
Behrens Udo U-16, U-17 and U-845
Borchert Dietrich U-566
Jeppner-
-Haltenhoff
Harald 19 Oct 1939 29 Oct 1939 U-17
Heilmann Udo 29 Oct 1939 U-97
Petersen Klaus 14 Oct 1942 10 Nov 1942 U-9 and U-3042
Schöler Clemens 10 Nov 1942 15 Apr 1943 U-20 (twice)
Petersen Klaus 16 Apr 1943   7 Apr 1944
von Rothenberg Hardo Rodler U-71 and U-989 KIA aboard U-989
Hennig Helmut U-533 KIA aboard U-533
Landt-Hayen Martin Apr 1944 Aug 1944 U-4705
Lenzmann Dieter U-3522
Udo Heilmann Klaus Petersen Martin Landt-Hayen

U-24 was attached to U-Flottille Lohs and U-Flottille Weddigen from 10 October 1936.  In August 1940 she was transferred to the 21st U-Bootflottille based at Pillau as a Schulboot (school boat) until April 1942. Later U-23 was decommissioned and disassembled, transported via autobahn and rivers to Romania where she was rebuilt and recommissioned in the 30th U-Bootflottille and operated out of Costanzia, Romania against Soviet forces based in the Black Sea.

SHIPS SUNK BY U-24 (Behrens commanding):

DATE NAME NATION TYPE GRT
24 Sep 1939 unknown England Destroyer unknown

There was no confirmation – possibly end of run detonation.

SHIPS SUNK BY U-24 (Jeppner-Haltenhoff commanding):

DATE NAME NATION TYPE GRT
  9 Nov 1939 CARMARTHEN COAST England Freighter    961 tons

CARMARTHEN COAST ran onto a mine in the field laid on 27 October 1939.

SHIPS SUNK BY U-24 (Schöler commanding):

DATE NAME NATION TYPE GRT
31 Mar 1943 SOVETSKAJA NEFT Soviet Tanker 8,228 tons

 

SHIPS SUNK BY U-24 (Petersen commanding):

DATE NAME NATION TYPE GRT
15 June 1943 ZASCITNIK   * Soviet Mine sweeper    441 tons
17 July 1943 EMBA  ** Soviet Tanker 7,886 tons

*  U-24 reported one hit on an escort that broke in two and sank quickly.  The Soviets called it a minesweeper.
**  EMBA was already damaged and lying at a repair dock in Suchumi Harbor.  This hit destroyed her.

On 22 August 1943, U-24 claimed sinking a small tugboat and two small landing craft by gunfire and demolition charges.  Six prisoners were taken from the amphibs.  Soviet sources said only two small motorboats were sunk.

31 October 1943 U-24 claimed sinking one PC or minesweeper; Soviet sources indicate two mine sweepers were lost.

On 5 November 1943, they heard their torpedo hit a Soviet tanker but it was a dud.

SHIPS SUNK BY U-24 (Landt-Hayen commanding):

DATE NAME NATION TYPE GRT
12 May 1944 unknown   * Soviet Patrol boat unknown
12 May 1944 unknown  ** Soviet Patrol boat unknown
27 May 1944 unknown  *** Soviet Patrol boat unknown

* Claimed sinking a patrol boat near Poti
** Claimed sinking a patrol boat near Batuni
*** Attacked a patrol boat already beached with 20mm cannonfire and set it on fire.

U-24 was scuttled in Costanzia Harbor in the face of the advancing Red Army on 10 September 1944 (possibly as early as 25 August 1944). U-24 was later raised by the Soviets and used for training their submariners.  It is assumed that U-24 was eventually broken up for scrap.

Acknowledgements

Deepest thanks to our friends at the U-Bootskameradschaft Kiel for allowing us to bring their sacred book containing the names of all 28,863 U-Bootfahrer who were lost in action during World War II here to the USA where we carefully copied all the names of the fallen and list them here on our site.  Ours is the only website in the world that lists all these names.

Many thanks to our good friend and Sharkhunters Member since 1987 GEORG HÖGEL (240-LIFE-1987)for all the conning tower emblems used in our monthly KTB Magazine and also here on the pages of our website. GEORG was Funkmaat (radioman) aboard U-30, the first boat into combat, the first to sink a ship (the liner ATHENIA) and the first into an occupied French port.  When that Skipper (Lemp) took command of U-110, GEORG was one of the former crew to transfer to the new boat under Lemp.  After the war, he was Professor of Art at a major German university.

GEORG HÖGEL